One out of every 10 women of childbearing age has polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The common gynecological condition affects hormone balance and metabolism. Sumeeta Nanda, MD, FACOG, and Hoda Maarouf, MD, FACOG, of Women's Preventive Healthcare in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, use advanced diagnostic tools and treatments to help women with PCOS. To schedule an appointment, call the office or book online today.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common health problem in women that develops from an imbalance in hormone production, and it affects normal ovulation.
When you don’t ovulate regularly, your ovaries develop small cysts. These cysts release hormones called androgens.
Androgens are male sex hormones like testosterone. Though all women have these male sex hormones, women with PCOS produce too much. High levels of androgens cause even more problems with ovulation.
Many women with PCOS also have insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone that transports glucose from your blood into your cells to supply energy. Insulin resistance means the hormone isn’t working like it should.
Over time, blood insulin levels rise, which may then further increase androgen levels and increase your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
An irregular menstrual cycle is one of the telltale signs of PCOS. Women with PCOS may have less than eight periods a year.
Other PCOS symptoms include:
In addition to having a higher risk of diabetes, women with PCOS are also at greater risk of developing high blood pressure, sleep apnea, and heart disease.
There’s no single test to diagnose PCOS. The team at Women's Preventive Healthcare conducts a thorough evaluation to rule out other causes before diagnosing you with PCOS.
During your exam, your provider asks detailed questions about your symptoms, as well as your medical, gynecological, and family histories.
They perform a physical and pelvic exam and may do an ultrasound to look for cysts on your ovaries and a blood test to check your hormone levels.
Your provider at Women's Preventive Healthcare develops an individualized treatment plan for you based on the severity of your symptoms and your personal preferences.
Treatment may include:
Though not FDA-approved for PCOS, your provider may prescribe metformin, which is a diabetes medication that improves insulin function.
PCOS affects fertility, and the team also provides specialized care for women struggling to get pregnant.
To schedule a consultation with the experienced team at Women's Preventive Healthcare to learn more about PCOS, call the office or book an appointment online today.